A new study has found a link between the breadth of your belly and the size and shape of your brain, as findings, published in the medical journal Neurology, showed that people who are too heavy, especially around their middle, have shrunken gray matter volume in their brain.
Gray matter contains most of your brain’s 100 billion nerve cells, while white matter is filled with nerve fibers that connect the brain regions.
The Scientists at the University College London and Loughborough University in the UK reached these conclusions by studying the UK Biobank, a vast stockpile of data on individuals’ genetics and health.
They looked at almost 9,652 people in the UK, with an average age of 55, accounting for all kinds of other factors that could potentially sway the results, such as age and how physically active they were.
Measuring the body mass index (BMI) and the waist-to-hip ratios of its participants, the research found that those with higher ratios of both criteria had the lowest brain volume.
In fact, the difference was substantial: people with high BMI and a high waist-to-hip ratio had an average gray matter brain volume of 786 cubic centimeters, while healthy weight people had an average of 798 cubic centimeters.
People in the middle, with a high BMI but without high waist-to-hip ratio, had an of 793 cubic centimeters. The white matter, however, did not appear to be affected by obesity.
“While our study found obesity, especially around the middle, was associated with lower gray matter brain volumes, it’s unclear if abnormalities in brain structure lead to obesity, or if obesity leads to these changes in the brain,” study author Dr Mark Hamer said in a statement.
“We also found links between obesity and shrinkage in specific regions of the brain. This will need further research but it may be possible that someday regularly measuring BMI and waist-to-hip ratio may help determine brain health.”
Meanwhile, the connection between reduced brain volume and abdominal fat could suggest that inflammation and vascular factors may be at work.
Nigerian Student Emelife Chinelo Stella, has broken a record after winning a historic 20 Gold medals in Masters in Chemistry at the University Of Mysore in India.
Stella was the Best Graduating Student for a Msc from the University of Mysore, India, she was being celebrated and received outstanding honours for her impressive grades and achievements during her program.
According to reports, she graduated with a final grade point (FGP) of 9.263%, Stella received the maximum gold medals from the University, a total of 20 gold medals and five cash prizes at the 99th annual convocation of the university on Sunday.
According to the University of Mysore, this is perhaps the first time in recent years that a foreign student has bagged so many gold medals.
Stella, during her first degree, also graduated the overall best student of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria, in the 2012/13 set with 4.86 CGPA. “I want to say that I’m stunned, but everyone who grew up in Sokoto has heard of the Emelife excellency and of its torchbearer, Emelife Stella Chinelo, who has, since her primary school, remained top of her class. What we didn’t know, however, is that after receiving an Indian government scholarship to study in its country, she’d go on to top all of its citizens,” said Stellar’s sister Jennifer Emelife, on Facebook.
Tanitoluwa Adewumi, an 8-year-old Nigerian boy, has conquered the world of chess after winning the New York State Chess Championship. Adewumi won the top prize in his age category at the New York game.
In an interview with Newsday, the little boy had spoken about his life as a chess player and what he wishes to achieve as a talented player.
The 8-year-old explained that he prepared for the game by practicing on chess playing sites. He said he was introduced into playing chess in class.
According to the little boy, he likes the game of chess because it is a thinking game. He also noted that his favourite player of all time is his chess coach.
Adewumi revealed that his goal is to become the youngest chess grand-master in the world and also to break the world champion record.
The little boy, who left Nigeria with his family in 2017, started playing the game of chess in 2018. His mother revealed that he only started learning and playing chess a year ago.
Adewumi, his brother, his mother and father had left Nigeria due to attacks by Boko Haram in his hometown.
According to BBC, the family now lives in a homeless shelter in the United States.
At least one person has died and a number of people injured in a mass shooting in Holland, in the central Dutch city of Utrecht on Monday morning, by a man who had possible terrorist motive, local news reports.
One or several gunmen opened fire on a tram in the city centre at around 10.45 local time on Monday morning, before fleeing the scene, witnesses say.
Police say one or multiple assailants are still at large, and have since instructed all schools, as well as mosques and transportation hubs, in the city to keep their doors closed.
Shortly after 12.30 local time, the Dutch government raised the terrorism threat level to the highest possible in the province of Utrecht.
The Dutch anti-terror coordinator Pieter-Jaap Aalbersberg said in a statement that the ‘threat level has gone to 5, exclusively for the Utrecht province,’ referring to the highest level. ‘The culprit is still on the run.
Video footage from Utrecht today shows armed anti-terrorism police surrounding a building where the assailant is believed to be located.